Mustafa Kemal re-elected President of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey

August 13 is the 225th (226th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 140.

Railways

  • On August 13, 1993, the TCDD Museum and Art Gallery was inaugurated in Izmir.

Olaylar

  • 1792 – King of France XVI. Louis is arrested by the “National Court” and declared a public enemy.
  • 1889 – German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his own invention, the airship, which he will call the Zeppelin.
  • 1905 – In the referendum held in Norway, the decision to leave Sweden is taken.
  • 1913 – Acrobat Otto Witte claims to be the King of Albania.
  • 1913 – Harry Brearley invents stainless steel.
  • 1918 – First female soldier (Opha May Johnson) enlisted in the US Navy.
  • 1918 – Establishment of the BMW engine plant (Bayerische Motoren Werke AG) in Germany.
  • 1922 – Before the Great Offensive, Fevzi Pasha and his headquarters secretly go to the front. On August 14, the movement of troops to the south and to the front began quietly.
  • 1923 – Mustafa Kemal is re-elected president of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1940 – II. WWII: German fighter planes (Luftwaffe) start bombing British airfields and radar bases.
  • 1954 – The national anthem of Pakistan is broadcast for the first time on Pakistani radio.
  • 1956 – Religion classes are introduced in secondary schools in Turkey.
  • 1960 – The Central African Republic declares its independence from France.
  • 1961 – The East German government closes the Berlin border with barbed wire to prevent escapes to the west. On August 20, a concrete wall, which would later be called the “Wall of Shame,” began to be built in place of these wires.
  • 1966 – In China, Mao proclaims the “Cultural Revolution”.
  • 1973 – Zulfikar Ali Bhutto is elected Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • 1987 – US President Ronald Reagan acknowledges responsibility for the Iran-Contra scandal.
  • 1997 – South Park started broadcasting.
  • 1999 – Constitutional amendment paving the way for “international arbitration” is accepted in Turkey.
  • 2004 – 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees are killed in the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.
  • 2004 – The 2004 Summer Olympics have started in Athens.
  • 2020 – Israel and UAE agree to normalize relations as third Arab-Israeli peace agreement.

births

  • 985 – Judge, Fatimid caliph (d. 1021)
  • 1655 – Johann Christoph Denner, German inventor and instrument maker (invented the clarinet) (died 1707)
  • 1814 – Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (died 1874)
  • 1819 – George Gabriel Stokes, French physicist (died 1903)
  • 1844 – Friedrich Miescher, Swiss biologist (died 1895)
  • 1866 – Frances Hardcastle, American mathematician (died 1941)
  • 1871 – Karl Liebknecht, German socialist and founder of the Spartakusbund and the Communist Party of Germany (died 1919)
  • 1872 – Richard Willstätter, German chemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry (died 1942)
  • 1890 – Ellen Osiier, Danish fencer (died 1962)
  • 1899 – Alfred Hitchcock, English director (died 1980)
  • 1903 – Fahri Korutürk, Turkish soldier and 6th President of the Republic of Turkey (died 1987)
  • 1903 – Suat Hayri Ürgüplü, Turkish politician (died 1981)
  • 1913 – Makarios, Archbishop of the Cypriot Orthodox Church and first President of the Independent Republic of Cyprus (died 1977)
  • 1913 – Rita Johnson, American actress (died 1965)
  • 1918 – Frederick Sanger, British biochemist (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Fidel Castro, Cuban Marxist-Leninist revolutionary and leader of the Cuban revolution (d.
  • 1929 – Pat Harrington, Jr., American television actor, voice actor (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Kerim Afşar, Turkish theater artist (died 2003)
  • 1939 – Oğuz Oktay, Turkish actor (died 2015)
  • 1940 – Dirk Sager, German journalist and author (died 2014)
  • 1943 – Ertha Pascal-Trouillot is President of Haiti
  • 1946 – Janet Yellen, American economist
  • 1949 – Sencer Ayata, Turkish sociology professor and politician
  • 1949 – Bobby Clarke, Canadian ice hockey player and coach.
  • 1949 – Erol Mutlu, Turkish filmmaker, director, scholar and writer (died 2005)
  • 1949 – Philippe Petit, French artist
  • 1950 Jane Carr, English actress and dubbing artist
  • 1952 – Herb Ritts, American fashion photographer (died 2002)
  • 1953 – Thomas Pogge, professor of political and moral philosophy
  • 1955 – Paul Greengrass, English director and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Ahu Tugba, Turkish film actress
  • 1959 – Ömer Dönmez, Turkish actor (died in 2020)
  • 1963 – Sridevi, Indian actor (d. 2018)
  • 1965 – Bahtiyar Engin, Turkish theater and cinema actor
  • 1967 – Jeanine Áñez Chavez, Bolivian politician and lawyer, former president of Bolivia
  • 1969 – Midori Ito, Japanese figure skater
  • 1970 – Alan Shearer, English national football player
  • 1972 – Hakan Altun, Turkish singer
  • 1974 – Joe Perry, English snooker player
  • 1974 – Niklas Sundin, Swedish musician
  • 1976 – Niran Unsal, Turkish singer
  • 1976 – Özge Özberk, Turkish actress
  • 1980 – Irina Berezhna, Ukrainian politician (died in 2017)
  • 1982 – Sarah Huckabee Sanders, Press Adviser to the US Government and Sözcü She is a politician who holds the post of
  • 1982 – Sebastian Stan, Romanian-American actor
  • 1984 – Alyona Bondarenko, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1984 – Niko Kranjčar, former Croatian football player
  • 1984 – James Morrison, English singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Elçin Sangu, Turkish actress
  • 1989 – Israel Jiménez is a Mexican soccer player.
  • 1990 – DeMarcus Cousins, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Benjamin Stambouli, French footballer
  • 1992 – Lucas Moura, Brazilian football player
  • 1993 – Yoon Bomi, Korean singer, actress and presenter
  • 1994 – Cita Citata, Indonesian singer and actress
  • 1994 – Junki Hata, Japanese football player
  • 1994 – Jonathan Restrepo, Colombian football player

Armed

  • 604 – Wen, founder and first emperor of the Sui Dynasty of China (born in 541)
  • 612 – Fabia Eudokia was the first wife of Heraclius from 610 until his death in 612 (b. 580)
  • 662 – Maximus Confessor (Defense of the Faith), Christian monk, theologian and scholar (born in 580)
  • 908 – Muktafi is the seventeenth of the Abbasid caliphs
  • 1134 – Irene, daughter of King Ladislaus I of Hungary and Adelaide of Swabia (born 1088)
  • 1608 – Giambologna, Italian sculptor from Flanders (born in 1529)
  • 1788 – Esma Sultan, III. Ahmed’s daughter (born in 1726)
  • 1823 – André-Jacques Garnerin, French aviator and inventor of the rimless parachute (born in 1769)
  • 1826 – René Laënnec, French doctor and inventor of the stethoscope (born in 1781)
  • 1863 – Eugène Delacroix, French painter (born in 1798)
  • 1865 – Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian scientist and physician (born 1818)
  • 1882 – Ekaterine Dadiani, last princess of the Principality of Megrelia (born in 1816)
  • 1910 – Florence Nightingale, English nurse (born 1820)
  • 1912 – Jules Massenet, French composer (born in 1842)
  • 1913 – August Bebel, German politician and Social Democratic journalist (co-founder of the German Social Democratic Party) (born 1840)
  • 1917 – Eduard Buchner, German chemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry (born 1860)
  • 1946 – Herbert George Wells, English journalist, author and historian (born 1866)
  • 1950 – Kınar Hanım, theater artist and singer of Armenian origin (born in 1876)
  • 1958 – Otto Witte, King of Albania (born 1868)
  • 1960 – Hans Lange, American conductor (born 1884)
  • 1965 – Ikeda Hayato, Japanese politician and Prime Minister of Japan (born 1899)
  • 1974 – Nihat Sami Banarlı, Turkish literary historian (born 1907)
  • 1984 – Tigran Petrosyan, Armenian chess master (born 1929)
  • 1991 – James Roosevelt was the eldest son of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt (born 1907)
  • 1993 – Tekin Arıburun, Turkish soldier and politician (former President of the Senate of the Republic) (born 1903)
  • 1996 – António de Spínola, Portuguese general and statesman (born 1910)
  • 1997 – Carel Weight, English painter (born 1908)
  • 2003 – Kazım Kartal, Turkish film actor (born 1936)
  • 2004 – Julia Child, American chef (born in 1912)
  • 2005 – David Lange, New Zealand politician and Prime Minister of New Zealand (born 1942)
  • 2006 – Tony Jay, English radio, film, television, theater and voice actor (born 1933)
  • 2009 – Les Paul, American musician (born 1915)
  • 2010 – Lance Cade, American professional wrestler (born 1981)
  • 2011 – Ellen Winter, Danish singer (born 1933)
  • 2013 – Lothar Bisky was a German politician (born 1941)
  • 2014 – Süleyman Seba, Turkish footballer and honorary president of Beşiktaş JK (born in 1926)
  • 2014 – Kurt Tschenscher, retired German football referee (born 1928)
  • 2016 – Kenny Baker, British Midget actor and musician (born 1934)
  • 2017 – Joseph Bologna, American actor, comedian, voice actor and TV screenwriter (born 1934)
  • 2017 – Kuzey Vargın, Turkish film actor (born 1940)
  • 2018 – Unshō Ishizuka, Japanese voice actor (born 1951)
  • 2018 – Jim Neidhart, American professional wrestler (born 1955)
  • 2019 – Kip Addotta, American stand-up comedian, host singer, songwriter and actor (born 1944)
  • 2019 – Lily Leung, Hong Kong actress (born 1929)
  • 2019 – Nadia Toffa, Italian TV host, journalist and author (born 1979)
  • 2020 – Meral Niron, Turkish actress of theater, cinema and television series (born 1937)
  • 2020 – Frank Brew, Australian football player (born 1927)
  • 2020 – Michel Dumont, Canadian actor and artistic director (born 1941)
  • 2020 – Gulnazar Keldi, Tajik poet and publisher (born 1945)
  • 2020 – Darío Vivas, Venezuelan politician (born in 1950)

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